In November 2019, the United Kingdom (UK) and Turkey signed a reciprocal social security agreement to ensure that people who have lived and worked in both countries can access their pension entitlements. This agreement is a significant step forward in strengthening the ties between the two nations and providing social security protection to their citizens.
The agreement covers people who have paid into the social security system in either country and ensures that they will not lose out on their pension entitlements. This is particularly important for those who have moved between the UK and Turkey for work, as it can be challenging to keep track of their contributions. The agreement simplifies this process by allowing people to add up the contributions they have made in both countries.
Under the terms of the agreement, people who have lived and worked in both the UK and Turkey can claim their pension entitlements as long as they meet the qualifying conditions for pensions in both countries. For example, to receive a UK State Pension, individuals must have paid or been credited with National Insurance contributions in the UK. Similarly, to receive a Turkish pension, individuals must have paid into the Turkish social security system.
The agreement also provides for the payment of survivor benefits. For example, if a person who has worked in both the UK and Turkey dies, their surviving spouse or children may be entitled to a pension. In addition, the agreement ensures that people who retire in one country and then move to the other can continue to receive their pension payments.
The UK has similar agreements in place with a range of other countries, including Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. These agreements are designed to ensure that people can access their pension entitlements even if they have lived and worked in multiple countries.
In conclusion, the UK-Turkey reciprocal social security agreement is a significant development that will provide much-needed social security protection for people who have worked in both countries. The agreement ensures that people can access their pension entitlements, even if they have moved between the two countries. This is a fantastic example of how international cooperation can benefit individuals and strengthen ties between nations.